PHP Create Database From SQL File

While migrating a WordPress website from my localhost to a live server today, I had an issue with creating the database from the sql dump file on the new live server. I won’t get into why it wouldn’t work besides to tell you it was a permissions issue that would of taken forever to fix, so instead I found this solution for creating a new database from a .sql file using a PHP script. This method is very light weight and works perfect!

Simply copy and paste the following code and give it an easily remembered name followed by the .php file extension and upload it and the sql dump file to your server wherever you want to run the script from.

<?php
ini_set(‘memory_limit’, ‘5120M’);
set_time_limit ( 0 );
/***************************************************************************
*                             sql_parse.php
*                              ——————-
*     begin                : Thu May 31, 2001
*     copyright            : (C) 2001 The phpBB Group
*     email                : support@phpbb.com
*
*     $Id: sql_parse.php,v 1.8 2002/03/18 23:53:12 psotfx Exp $
*
****************************************************************************/

/***************************************************************************
 *
 *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *   (at your option) any later version.
 *
 ***************************************************************************/

/***************************************************************************
*
*   These functions are mainly for use in the db_utilities under the admin
*   however in order to make these functions available elsewhere, specifically
*   in the installation phase of phpBB I have seperated out a couple of
*   functions into this file.  JLH
*
\***************************************************************************/

//
// remove_comments will strip the sql comment lines out of an uploaded sql file
// specifically for mssql and postgres type files in the install….
//
function remove_comments(&$output)
{
   $lines = explode(“\n”, $output);
   $output = “”;

   // try to keep mem. use down
   $linecount = count($lines);

   $in_comment = false;
   for($i = 0; $i < $linecount; $i++)
   {
      if( preg_match(“/^\/\*/”, preg_quote($lines[$i])) )
      {
         $in_comment = true;
      }

      if( !$in_comment )
      {
         $output .= $lines[$i] . “\n”;
      }

      if( preg_match(“/\*\/$/”, preg_quote($lines[$i])) )
      {
         $in_comment = false;
      }
   }

   unset($lines);
   return $output;
}

//
// remove_remarks will strip the sql comment lines out of an uploaded sql file
//
function remove_remarks($sql)
{
   $lines = explode(“\n”, $sql);

   // try to keep mem. use down
   $sql = “”;

   $linecount = count($lines);
   $output = “”;

   for ($i = 0; $i < $linecount; $i++)
   {
      if (($i != ($linecount – 1)) || (strlen($lines[$i]) > 0))
      {
         if (isset($lines[$i][0]) && $lines[$i][0] != “#”)
         {
            $output .= $lines[$i] . “\n”;
         }
         else
         {
            $output .= “\n”;
         }
         // Trading a bit of speed for lower mem. use here.
         $lines[$i] = “”;
      }
   }

   return $output;

}

//
// split_sql_file will split an uploaded sql file into single sql statements.
// Note: expects trim() to have already been run on $sql.
//
function split_sql_file($sql, $delimiter)
{
   // Split up our string into “possible” SQL statements.
   $tokens = explode($delimiter, $sql);

   // try to save mem.
   $sql = “”;
   $output = array();

   // we don’t actually care about the matches preg gives us.
   $matches = array();

   // this is faster than calling count($oktens) every time thru the loop.
   $token_count = count($tokens);
   for ($i = 0; $i < $token_count; $i++)
   {
      // Don’t wanna add an empty string as the last thing in the array.
      if (($i != ($token_count – 1)) || (strlen($tokens[$i] > 0)))
      {
         // This is the total number of single quotes in the token.
         $total_quotes = preg_match_all(“/’/”, $tokens[$i], $matches);
         // Counts single quotes that are preceded by an odd number of backslashes,
         // which means they’re escaped quotes.
         $escaped_quotes = preg_match_all(“/(?<!\\\\)(\\\\\\\\)*\\\\’/”, $tokens[$i], $matches);

         $unescaped_quotes = $total_quotes – $escaped_quotes;

         // If the number of unescaped quotes is even, then the delimiter did NOT occur inside a string literal.
         if (($unescaped_quotes % 2) == 0)
         {
            // It’s a complete sql statement.
            $output[] = $tokens[$i];
            // save memory.
            $tokens[$i] = “”;
         }
         else
         {
            // incomplete sql statement. keep adding tokens until we have a complete one.
            // $temp will hold what we have so far.
            $temp = $tokens[$i] . $delimiter;
            // save memory..
            $tokens[$i] = “”;

            // Do we have a complete statement yet?
            $complete_stmt = false;

            for ($j = $i + 1; (!$complete_stmt && ($j < $token_count)); $j++)
            {
               // This is the total number of single quotes in the token.
               $total_quotes = preg_match_all(“/’/”, $tokens[$j], $matches);
               // Counts single quotes that are preceded by an odd number of backslashes,
               // which means they’re escaped quotes.
               $escaped_quotes = preg_match_all(“/(?<!\\\\)(\\\\\\\\)*\\\\’/”, $tokens[$j], $matches);

               $unescaped_quotes = $total_quotes – $escaped_quotes;

               if (($unescaped_quotes % 2) == 1)
               {
                  // odd number of unescaped quotes. In combination with the previous incomplete
                  // statement(s), we now have a complete statement. (2 odds always make an even)
                  $output[] = $temp . $tokens[$j];

                  // save memory.
                  $tokens[$j] = “”;
                  $temp = “”;

                  // exit the loop.
                  $complete_stmt = true;
                  // make sure the outer loop continues at the right point.
                  $i = $j;
               }
               else
               {
                  // even number of unescaped quotes. We still don’t have a complete statement.
                  // (1 odd and 1 even always make an odd)
                  $temp .= $tokens[$j] . $delimiter;
                  // save memory.
                  $tokens[$j] = “”;
               }

            } // for..
         } // else
      }
   }

   return $output;
}

$dbms_schema = ‘jafty_wplandio.sql’;

$sql_query = @fread(@fopen($dbms_schema, ‘r’), @filesize($dbms_schema)) or die(‘problem ‘);
$sql_query = remove_remarks($sql_query);
$sql_query = split_sql_file($sql_query, ‘;’);

$host = ‘localhost’;
$user = ‘jafty_wplandio’;
$pass = ‘Mypass11!’;
$db = ‘jafty_wplandio’;

mysql_connect($host,$user,$pass) or die(‘error connection’);
mysql_select_db($db) or die(‘error database selection’);

$i=1;
foreach($sql_query as $sql){
echo $i++;
echo “
“;
mysql_query($sql) or die(‘error in query: ‘.mysql_error());
}

?>

Of course, before running the above code, be sure to replace the variable values for the database name, user name and password towards the bottom of the script as well as the .sql file name above that.

<?php
ini_set(‘memory_limit’, ‘5120M’);
set_time_limit ( 0 );
/***************************************************************************
*                             sql_parse.php
*                              ——————-
*     begin                : Thu May 31, 2001
*     copyright            : (C) 2001 The phpBB Group
*     email                : support@phpbb.com
*
*     $Id: sql_parse.php,v 1.8 2002/03/18 23:53:12 psotfx Exp $
*
****************************************************************************/

/***************************************************************************
*
*   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
*   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
*   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
*   (at your option) any later version.
*
***************************************************************************/

/***************************************************************************
*
*   These functions are mainly for use in the db_utilities under the admin
*   however in order to make these functions available elsewhere, specifically
*   in the installation phase of phpBB I have seperated out a couple of
*   functions into this file.  JLH
*
\***************************************************************************/

//
// remove_comments will strip the sql comment lines out of an uploaded sql file
// specifically for mssql and postgres type files in the install….
//
function remove_comments(&$output)
{
$lines = explode(“\n”, $output);
$output = “”;

// try to keep mem. use down
$linecount = count($lines);

$in_comment = false;
for($i = 0; $i < $linecount; $i++)
{
if( preg_match(“/^\/\*/”, preg_quote($lines[$i])) )
{
$in_comment = true;
}

if( !$in_comment )
{
$output .= $lines[$i] . “\n”;
}

if( preg_match(“/\*\/$/”, preg_quote($lines[$i])) )
{
$in_comment = false;
}
}

unset($lines);
return $output;
}

//
// remove_remarks will strip the sql comment lines out of an uploaded sql file
//
function remove_remarks($sql)
{
$lines = explode(“\n”, $sql);

// try to keep mem. use down
$sql = “”;

$linecount = count($lines);
$output = “”;

for ($i = 0; $i < $linecount; $i++)
{
if (($i != ($linecount – 1)) || (strlen($lines[$i]) > 0))
{
if (isset($lines[$i][0]) && $lines[$i][0] != “#”)
{
$output .= $lines[$i] . “\n”;
}
else
{
$output .= “\n”;
}
// Trading a bit of speed for lower mem. use here.
$lines[$i] = “”;
}
}

return $output;

}

//
// split_sql_file will split an uploaded sql file into single sql statements.
// Note: expects trim() to have already been run on $sql.
//
function split_sql_file($sql, $delimiter)
{
// Split up our string into “possible” SQL statements.
$tokens = explode($delimiter, $sql);

// try to save mem.
$sql = “”;
$output = array();

// we don’t actually care about the matches preg gives us.
$matches = array();

// this is faster than calling count($oktens) every time thru the loop.
$token_count = count($tokens);
for ($i = 0; $i < $token_count; $i++)
{
// Don’t wanna add an empty string as the last thing in the array.
if (($i != ($token_count – 1)) || (strlen($tokens[$i] > 0)))
{
// This is the total number of single quotes in the token.
$total_quotes = preg_match_all(“/’/”, $tokens[$i], $matches);
// Counts single quotes that are preceded by an odd number of backslashes,
// which means they’re escaped quotes.
$escaped_quotes = preg_match_all(“/(?<!\\\\)(\\\\\\\\)*\\\\’/”, $tokens[$i], $matches);

$unescaped_quotes = $total_quotes – $escaped_quotes;

// If the number of unescaped quotes is even, then the delimiter did NOT occur inside a string literal.
if (($unescaped_quotes % 2) == 0)
{
// It’s a complete sql statement.
$output[] = $tokens[$i];
// save memory.
$tokens[$i] = “”;
}
else
{
// incomplete sql statement. keep adding tokens until we have a complete one.
// $temp will hold what we have so far.
$temp = $tokens[$i] . $delimiter;
// save memory..
$tokens[$i] = “”;

// Do we have a complete statement yet?
$complete_stmt = false;

for ($j = $i + 1; (!$complete_stmt && ($j < $token_count)); $j++)
{
// This is the total number of single quotes in the token.
$total_quotes = preg_match_all(“/’/”, $tokens[$j], $matches);
// Counts single quotes that are preceded by an odd number of backslashes,
// which means they’re escaped quotes.
$escaped_quotes = preg_match_all(“/(?<!\\\\)(\\\\\\\\)*\\\\’/”, $tokens[$j], $matches);

$unescaped_quotes = $total_quotes – $escaped_quotes;

if (($unescaped_quotes % 2) == 1)
{
// odd number of unescaped quotes. In combination with the previous incomplete
// statement(s), we now have a complete statement. (2 odds always make an even)
$output[] = $temp . $tokens[$j];

// save memory.
$tokens[$j] = “”;
$temp = “”;

// exit the loop.
$complete_stmt = true;
// make sure the outer loop continues at the right point.
$i = $j;
}
else
{
// even number of unescaped quotes. We still don’t have a complete statement.
// (1 odd and 1 even always make an odd)
$temp .= $tokens[$j] . $delimiter;
// save memory.
$tokens[$j] = “”;
}

} // for..
} // else
}
}

return $output;
}

$dbms_schema = ‘jafty_wplandio.sql’;

$sql_query = @fread(@fopen($dbms_schema, ‘r’), @filesize($dbms_schema)) or die(‘problem ‘);
$sql_query = remove_remarks($sql_query);
$sql_query = split_sql_file($sql_query, ‘;’);

$host = ‘localhost’;
$user = ‘jafty_wplandio’;
$pass = ‘Mypass11!’;
$db = ‘jafty_wplandio’;

mysql_connect($host,$user,$pass) or die(‘error connection’);
mysql_select_db($db) or die(‘error database selection’);

$i=1;
foreach($sql_query as $sql){
echo $i++;
echo ”
“;
mysql_query($sql) or die(‘error in query: ‘.mysql_error());
}

?>

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