Troy Warren of LetsTalkBusinessRadio.Com is Scamming for Free online Work

Note: see latest updates at end of this post! Hilarious!

I get so sick of people taking advantage of me online that today I added the “Scams” category to my blog. Troy Warren of LetsTalkBusinessRadio.Com is the client that has motivated me to put up this unfortunate category when he neglected to pay for services rendered by myself. No matter how well you set up a business with the assistance of specialized companies, blockchain and internet of things, there are always going to be people who wait to scam others of their hard work, and this happened to me. I want to expose people like Troy Warren so it doesn’t happen to someone else. If this post prevents one person from working for him and getting ripped off, I’ll be glad I posted it. The amount he burned me for was not that much, which makes it a worse scam in many ways because if he was willing to stab me in the back over less than $200, think how quick he would be not to pay someone on a larger job. I don’t know this person, Troy, from anywhere but from the client who referred him to me, but he acted like he was a big shot marketer who had plenty of money which caused me to let my guard down a little with him, but regardless, this is just one of many examples of why freelance workers online should always get at least a percentage of their payment up front EVERY TIME. I started out doing a small test project with Troy and accepted a small amount of money upfront before starting. Again I was careful as always with this client, but in the end, he still got me. It is really sad that we have to live in a world with people like Troy that we can never let our guard down in front of, but that seems to be the case. The best advice I can give freelance workers who conduct business over the internet, is to collect as much money up front as possible. It is possible to get the payment in bitcoins. Some of my clients are using Bitcoin-Era, so they can easily pay in cryptocurrency. While some others have focussed on how they can tweak the ico software to maximize the potential of the software for transactions. I normally won’t take on a new client without collecting at least 33% upfront and I try to get half. That way, if I do get ripped of, the sting is a little less than if I were to get taken for the entire project cost. Anyway, this will be the first of many posts on that exposes scammers like Troy to the online world. I may post some of the people that have scammed me in the past here as well if I can find their information. I will post all of Troys info below that I have to help others avoid working for this untrustworthy online predator. I also encourage others to post about people who have scammed them by not paying for services rendered. Let it be known that Troy never had a problem with the work that I did that he mentioned and we had a long conversation over the phone in which I was clear about what I was going to do and what I would charge him, so there was no excuse for him to justify withholding my payment. In fact he kept saying that he would pay it for 3 or 4 weeks in a row and failed to every time even though the agreement we had stated that he would pay on the first Friday after starting the work. I both started and finished before the first Friday and that Friday and every Friday after that, he had a new excuse for why my invoice was not paid. Now, I’ve heard of bad luck, but if you have time to make up so many excuses, you surely have time to log into PayPal and make the payment! I said this to Troy and he blamed it on his “Bookkeeper” I’ve never dealt with his bookkeeper before, so I don’t know why he thought to blame it on a probably fictional bookkeeper, but that was the gist of most of the excuses. When I asked why he didn’t just log into PayPal himself, he kept silent avoiding that question. More to come folks!

If anyone else would like to expose a scammer such as Troy Warren, I have now opened up my site to contributors and any creditable scam report will be published. Simply use the Contribute link in the main nav of this site and sign up to become a blogger and you’re in!

Latest Updates

So today is March 18th of 2018,  just over two years after I posted this. I was going through my emails today and found a “Cease and Desist” order supposedly from Trow Warren’s attorney or from’s attorney. From what I understand about a cease and desist order is that, as long as I have been completely truthful, there isn’t much they can do to me. So, I am not going to be intimidated by this cease and desist order and I sent the supposed attorney, Ched Desire an email back. I’ll post that email here for your reading pleasure:

Ched Desire,

My statement is not false and I will stand by it 100% and will NOT remove it. I believe that I have not broken any laws in telling the world that this person has not paid me because it is all true. Since it’s been up about half a dozen other people have contacted me telling me how Troy has also not paid them for work, so you should consider working for an honest client rather than whatever Troy W. is. Tell him if he doesn’t want such comments on the internet then he should pay for the work he hires unsuspecting online workers like myself to do. Thanks for reminding me about him though, I think I’ll post some more truths about him online now that he’s back on my mind. When my family suffers because he scammed me out of a week’s pay check, I feel I have the right to tell anyone who is listening about it!
In fact, has he paid you? Good luck. You’ll need it. Also I see you sent this to my service provider, who quite quickly dismissed it, but it seems that you are the one accusing me of doing something that I have not done, I must therefore request that you cease and desist as well.
…Also, how am I supposed to believe that a person like Troy Warren, who scammed me out of a meager few days of pay, can afford to pursue a law suite against me? Wouldn’t it be less expensive for him to have simply paid me for my work? Anyway, this just fires me up again about the issue. I have every right in the world to post on my blog regarding the theft of my services by Troy Warren. He can keep his little couple hundred dollars he refused to pay me for the services I provided him because the only thing I hope to accomplish now is to keep him from taking advantage of other hard working online service providers and it seems that my post is accomplishing that, so I have no intentions of ever removing it, nor should I ever. The fact that he does this under a company name simply makes that company look bad.
I do appreciate the reminder to update my posts though. Maybe I’ll start a whole new website in Troy’s honor! That would be great!
I’m sorry, I’m not the kind of person you can take advantage of and quietly goes away like nothing happened. I will make sure as many people as I can reach out to will hear about this, especially now that he has made this week and futile attempt to intimidate me with legal nonsense.

Good day,

Ian L. Jafty Interactive Web Design
——————————————————-end emails———————————————-
So, I sort of doubt the Ched Desire person even exists, but if he does, I feel sorry for him for even being associated with Troy Warren. I personally do not think that Troy is above faking this whole cease and desist letter, so I decided to have a little fun with it. If anyone would like to read it, send me a comment and I’ll post a link to the pdf.

Troubleshoot Email Issues

I generally dread working with email no matter what system it is on! Here I am going to discuss some useful tips for debugging an email system on a Linux server. I am using an Amazon Linux AMI with Centos, but the process is similar for any Linux server you might have. Below I will discuss how to check error files and how to avoid sending email to spam or junk folders.

Having Trouble Sending Email?

If you’re emails are not getting through and you don’t know why, check your server’s log files. Below I’ll show you how to find mist email related error logs. They can normally be found in /var/spool/mail/username which on an Amazon Linux distro would be either:




It is important to know that in the above context, username, root and ec2-user are files, NOT directories. To open one of those files, navigate to /var/spool/mail like:

cd /var/spool/mail

To open root file with your Linux command line text editor, type:

sudo vi root

…and check the last errors to see the most recent.

TIP: use [shift]+g to skip to the last line of the file using VI editor.

How to Avoid Sending eMail to Spam or Junk Mail folders

I ran several tests to find the best way to send emails from the command line without ending up in the recipient’s spam or junk mail folder. Since I was using an Amazon EC2 instance with SES, I will explain the server setup used and then show the results of the tests. Some went to spam immediately and others went straight to the recipient’s In Box as it should.

Amazon EC2, SES and sendmail environment

Here are the circumstances that my test cases were executed under:

The following command line commands sent emails to my In Box:

  • /usr/sbin/sendmail
  • sudo mail
  • mail

The following command line commands sent emails to my Spam:

  • /usr/sbin/sendmail -f
  • sudo /usr/sbin/sendmail -f
  • sudo /usr/sbin/sendmail

In the above examples, I didn’t use parameters for subject, CC or BCC because they don’t seem to make any difference. Only  using sendmail, sudo and the -f parameter made a difference to determine if the emails were delivered to my in box or spam folder.

As you can see from the above spam tests, the best way to avoid spam is to:

  • Avoid using the -f parameter even with an SES verified email address.
  • While /usr/sbin/sendmail method did work when avoiding both the -f param and the sudo command, the mail method worked with or without sudo.
  • Either use /usr/sbin/sendmail without -f parameter and without using sudo, or use mail for the best chances of your email getting through to your recipients in boxes.


Open .txt File Peel Off One Line and Save File with PHP

This code snippet will demonstrate how to use PHP to open a .txt file or any other plain text  file such as .php, .html, .xml etc., retrieve the text in the first line of the file, delete that line and save the file. We are effectively peeling off one line from the file and saving it using pure PHP. Here is how:

//included in index-cron.php to peel off one keyword from keywords.txt file and use it saving rest back to file.
//turn debugging on/off:
$debug = true;
//read in keyword phrases from keywords.txt file:
$lines = “”;
$file = fopen(“keywords.txt”, “r”) or exit(“Unable to open keywords.txt file!”);
//Output a line of the file until the end is reached:
    while(!feof($file)) {
    $line = fgets($file);
    $alllines .= $line.”<br>”;
    //code to later delete first line from keywords.txt file:
        if($line_no > 1){//if over line 1, store in writelines var to write back to file later.
        $writelines .= $line;
        }else{//else line no. is NOT over 1, so store line in cur_keywrd var:
        $curkey = trim($line);
        $cur_keywrd = $curkey;
        }//end else line is under 1 so put in cur_keywrd var.
    }//end while reading in lines from keywords.txt file
if($debug) echo “<h2>Keyword taken from keywords.txt file: $cur_keywrd</h2><hr>”;

//now rewrite keywords.txt file with all but first 1 lines:
$kfile = ‘keywords.txt’;
$fh = fopen($kfile, ‘w’) or die(“ERROR! Cannot open $kfile file for saving Keywords back to it!”);
fwrite($fh, $writelines);
if($debug) echo “keyword $cur_keywrd Deleted from keywords.txt file!<hr>”;

There you have it! Copy and paste the above code into a .php file named fetch_keywords.php. Now let’s test it…

Make a file named keywords.txt and add the following test content to it:

test keyword 1
test keyword 2
test keyword 3
test keyword 4
test keyword 5
test keyword 6
test keyword 7
test keyword 8
test keyword 9
test keyword 10
test keyword 11
test keyword 12

Save keywords.txt and upload it to the same directory as fetch_keywords.php then open fetch_keywords.php in a browser and you will see this:


If your screen looks like the above shot, then you’re doing great! If not, debugging time, but it should work. See where it says “test keyword 1”? That’s the keyword it peeled from the keywords.txt file. Now try refreshing the page and it will increment to “test keyword 2”. Refresh one more time just for fun and see “test keyword 3” appear. Now download keywords.txt and open it and you’ll be able to verify that it did indeed remove the first few lines from the file. This is very usefull if you need to use PHP to read in keywords from a file or domains, phone numbers, names, etc from a file to use the data in your script. Have fun with this and if you need to read multiple lines, the first 100 lines in from a file and save it after deleting those 100 lines, read on, I’ll show you how to do that too!

How to read the first 100 lines from a file, delete them and save the file

The next PHP snippet I”ll show you was used to read from a huge list of domain names, take the first 100 domains, use them in my script and save the unused domains back to the .txt file.

The code is similar to the above code with some important changes as you can see below:

//script to peel of first 100 domains from doms.txt file and save it
//turn debugging on/off:
$debug = true;
//read in domain names from doms.txt file:
$lines = “”;
$file = fopen(“doms.txt”, “r”) or exit(“Unable to open doms.txt file!”);
//Output a line of the file until the end is reached:
    while(!feof($file)) {
    $line = fgets($file);
    $alllines .= $line.”<br>”;
    //code to later delete first 100 lines from doms.txt file:
        if($line_no > 100){//if over line 100, store in writelines var to write back to file later.
        $writelines .= $line;
        }else{//else line no is NOT over 100, so store line in dom array:
        $uselines .= $line.”<br>”;
        $curURL = trim($line);
        //if cur URL doesn’t conain a TLD, add .com
            $curURL = $curURL.”.com”;
            }//end if curURL doesn’t have a dot
        $dom_array[] = $curURL;
        }//end else line is under 100 so put in dom array.
    }//end while reading in lines from doms.txt file
if($debug) echo”<h2>Domains taken from dom.txt file:</h2>$uselines<hr>”;

//now rewrite doms.txt file with all but first 100 lines:
$domFile = ‘doms.txt’;
$fh = fopen($domFile, ‘w’) or die(“ERROR! Cannot open $domFile file for saving domains back to it!”);
fwrite($fh, $writelines);
if($debug) echo”Above Domains Deleted from doms.txt file!<hr>”;

PHP Mail Function Not Sending

Okay, today, I have a treat for you. If you are having issues with PHP mail, I probably have a solution for you somewhere in my head, so I am going to attempt to put it down here in my blog so it is documented. I work on a lot of different client’s websites and most of them have unique servers. It would be nice and easy if everyone used the same server, but that is never the case. There are different things you have to do to get a broken PHP mail function working for different servers, so a good test suite for email is what you need. That is what I’ll attempt to provide here. I hope it helps.

Dynamic PHP eMail Testing Tool


If you are interested in the professional version of this PHP mail testing tool seen in the above screenshot, contact me, Ian L., by email at and I’ll give you my professional download version for only $20. Otherwise read on to build your own free version. – Ian L

When I discovered that it was a reoccurring issue to fix peoples email sending ability from various servers, I decided it is time to build a dynamic email tester in PHP. So open up your favorite notepad or editing tool and copy and paste the following code. This is my custom PHP email testing tool I made to test various attributes of the PHP mail function for use with different web servers The tool consists of two very basic PHP files. I’ll call them email_form.php and email_sender.php. Put both files in the directory you want to test and start your trial and error testing until you get an email to go through to the recipient that wasn’t receiving your messages before.


<title>Jafty eMail Tester</title>
<h1>Jafty eMail Tester</h1>
<p>A simple dynamic testing tool for the PHP mail function. Allows web developers to test sending emails from any server using the PHP mail function with different settings and parameters until they get it working. To start, simply edit the values in the form below and submit to send a test email to the “Send To” address. Good luck!</p>
//Set timezone:

//format date:
$start = getdate();
$smon = $start[‘mon’];
$sday = $start[‘mday’];
$syear = $start[‘year’];
$shr = $start[‘hours’];
$smin = $start[‘minutes’];
$ssec = $start[‘seconds’];
$formatted_date =  “$smon/$sday/$syear”.” “.”$shr:$smin:$ssec”;
echo “Current Date/Time: “.$formatted_date.”<br /><span style=’font-size:10px;color:#343434′>(If above time is not correct, change the setting for date_default_timezone_set in email_form.php)</span><br />”;

//Set default form field values:
$message = “Test eMail from Jafty PHP mail Tester sent at $formatted_date”;
$to = “”;
$subject = “PHP Mail Test”;
$headers = “From:\r\n”;
$param = “”;

<form id=”emlform” method=”post” action=”email_sender.php”>
Email Header:
<input type=”text” name=”h” style=”width:450px;” value=”<?php echo $headers; ?>” />
Sent To:
<input type=”text” name=”e” style=”width:450px;” value=”<?php echo $to; ?>” /></td></tr><tr><td>
<input type=”text” name=”s” style=”width:450px;” value=”<?php echo $subject; ?>” /></td></tr><tr><td>
<input type=”text” name=”m” style=”width:450px;” value=”<?php echo $message; ?>” /></td></tr><tr><td colspan=”2″>
<input style=”float:right” type=”submit” />
Here are email accounts for testing with:</h3>
add pass here

<hr /><p>&copy; Copyright 2014-2024 Jafty Interactive Web Development & <a href=””></a></p>

Once you copy and paste the contents of email-form.php, then do the same in a new file for email-sender.php below.


$h = $_POST[‘h’];
$e = $_POST[‘e’];
$s = $_POST[‘s’];
$m = $_POST[‘m’];
$f = “”;
//print form values for debugging:
echo “email: $e<br>”;
echo “subj: $s<br>”;
echo “msg: $m<br>”;
echo “header: $h<br>”;
echo “optional: $f<hr>”;
//send mail:
if(mail($e, $s, $m, $h,$f)){//if mail sent according to mail function:
echo “mail sent!<br>”;
}else{//else email failed
echo “ERROR sending email. Details follow if available:<br />”;
}//end else email failed.


That is all there is to the tool, but there are other things to learn about php mail, so check the trusty page for php mail at:

How to replace wp_mail Function with PHP mail function in WordPress

Be aware that this modification should probably only be used in extreme cases where you can not get WordPress to send emails any other way because this method requires changes to the WordPress core. Making changes to the core files means that you could loose those changes if you update to a different version of WordPress in the future. If you update, you will have to make the changes again. Luckily it is one simple change to one file, so it’s not really that bad. I often prefer to use such a hack instead of adding another plugin to my WordPress blog.

To replace the default wp_mail function with one that users PHP mail, find the pluggable.php file located in wp-includes  and replace that wp_mail function with this one:

function wp_mail( $to, $subject, $message, $headers = ”, $attachments = array() ) {
//WP mail function code replaced by Ian L of
// Use wordwrap() if lines are longer than 70 characters
$txt = wordwrap($message,70);
//Always set content-type in headers when sending HTML email:
$headersnew = “MIME-Version: 1.0” . “\r\n”;
$headersnew .= “Content-type:text/html;charset=UTF-8” . “\r\n”;
//Use headers to set from address:
$headersnew .= “From:\r\n”;
// Send email:
    if(mail($to,$subject,$txt,$headersnew)) {
    //if mail sent to user send notice to admin:
    $adminsubject = “Admin Notification from WP”;
    } else {
    //if mail didn’t go through, send notice to admin:
    $txterr = “<h2>ERROR!</h2> email to user did not go through!”;
}//end php mail function for wp-mail